Mobility is the lifeblood of our cities - Clean & Shared
Thursday, 30 March 2017
The first of the three mobility trajectories - Clean & Shared
Delhi, Mexico City, and Mumbai are examples of densely populated metropolitan areas in developing countries. They are all experiencing rapid urbanisation, and they all suffer from congestion and poor air quality.
For cities like these, the widespread use of self-driving cars may not be an option in the short or medium term, because of poor infrastructure, interference from pedestrians, a variety of vehicles on the road, and a lack of clear adherence to traffic regulations.
The approach most likely to apply is a shift to cleaner transport, in the form of Electric Vehicles (EVs), while also limiting private car ownership, optimising shared mobility, and expanding public transit. In conjunction with some connectivity and autonomy, traffic flows and safety could be enhanced.
According to research, if relevant Asian cities move toward this model, by 2030 shared vehicles could account for almost half of passenger miles due to a combination of greater utilisation and more passengers per trip. It was quantified that the possible cumulative societal benefits until 2030 will be USD 2,800 per persoon for Clean and Shared.
About 15 cities may be in a position to be early adopters - including Istanbul, Delhi and Mumbai - based on criteria such as population size, above-average GDP per capita, historical implementation of public projects, and urgency of pollution and congestion issues today.
Exibit 12 shows how several key indicators could change for an average low-income, dense city as it transitions to the Clean & Shared end-state.
From 'An integrated perspective on the future of mobility' by McKinsey & Company and Bloomberg New Energy Finance - October 2016