A number of key social, economic and environmental issues are going to profoundly influence mobility policy in the coming 30 to 40 years. Governments and local authorities will have to adapt their policies to deal with demographic, economic, social, technological, environmental and political changes.
Predictions are that, by 2050, the global population will have grown to more than 9 billion, with 7 billion living in cities and urban areas. People will be living longer, with a quarter of the world’s population predicted to be 65 or older. We will rely on technology-driven, smart mobility solutions to address these issues.
- Pricing policies for paid parking will be dynamic.
- Traffic will be regulated or directed according to demand, capacity and desired behaviour.
- Parking close to public transport will be rewarded, while motorists choosing to park near to their destination will have to pay a premium.
- Parking tariffs will reflect the true value of a location, factoring in costs associated with land, capital, construction, the environment and society.
- Around 80 percent of regulated parking will be paid. Local authorities will begin to use parking fees to solve budgetary problems other than mobility issues, which could result in revenues exceeding actual costs.
- Motorists will pay digitally, while fines will be deducted from their bank account instantly.
- People will be enabled to optimise their mobility mix and budget.
- Mobility providers will offer administrative solutions, while travellers will be able to switch between car, bicycle, public transport, or cab with greater ease.
With so many people living in cities, maintaining a high quality of life in urban areas will be crucial. Pedestrians and cyclists will have priority, and there will be greater focus on public areas that provide space and fresh air. Car sharing will become more common, and will be viewed as a sociable, sustainable way to travel.
Operators of parking facilities will focus on added-value services, rather than simply parking. Customers with children, those in a hurry, or those who are less mobile, will be offered convenient parking solutions, while larger spaces will be available for outsized cars, VIPs or groups. Automatic car/customer recognition will personalise the experience.
Cars will be permanently online, enabling motorists to collect real-time information about available parking spaces, routes, tariffs and charging stations, as well as information on bicycle rental or public transport.
- If parking facilities are occupied above 85%, the car’s GPS will automatically direct the motorist to the nearest parking facility with more capacity.
- All payments will be digital, and it will be possible to pre-book parking spaces while travelling to your destination.
- As customer/car recognition becomes more common, biometric payment methods – such as retina or face recognition – will become increasingly popular.
Mobility policies will focus on – and encourage – sustainable transport. Buildings will be energy efficient and CO2 neutral.
Parking will no longer be subsidised. Society will be unwilling to carry the burden of a parking deficit. Parking rules will be enforced by the private sector – as they will be seen as apolitical – and they will be enforced digitally. The parking industry will work with local authorities to develop sustainable, high-quality parking concepts, and widely accepted mobility solutions will give cities the opportunity to achieve their sustainability ambitions.