Benefits of strategic parking management
Thursday, 3 December 2015
How It Occurs
Efficiently use existing parking
Produces faster turnover in the most popular spaces and better use of less-popular spaces. Pricing schemes produce vacancies on each block face. Information systems guide parkers to available spaces.
Avoid excessive expenditures on parking
Reduces the need to build additional public or private parking, which saves money and land, facilitates compact development, and reduces land consumption.
Enhance economic development
Supports new business formation and business expansion by reducing the burden of providing parking. Districts with active parking management have a good image; access is easier. The parking experience is an integrated part of the experience in stores, restaurants, and businesses. Improve customer parking and access options. Improve facility design and smart growth implementation.
Reduce traffic, safety, and environmental problems
Supports broad mobility management. Management tools reduce overall parking demand and cruising for parking—the process of circling for parking spaces. Reduced cruising lessens vehicle miles traveled, congestion, and instances of distracted drivers, which makes pedestrians and cyclists safer. Parking management supports transit use, walking, and bicycling and lowers energy use, pollution, and greenhouse gas emissions.
Reduce conflicts between districts
Residential permit programmes prevent intrusion by parkers destined for retail districts, medical centers, universities, and other activity centers. Alternatively, parking can be allowed with pricing mechanisms that return revenue to neighbourhoods.
Generate revenue and improve social equity
Revenue from parking fees and fines is directed to parking, other forms of access, and district improvements. Revenue can be used as matching funds for grants, and reduces prevalence of cross subsidies from non-drivers to drivers.
From the excerpt by Planetizen from 'Parking Management for Smart Growth' by Richard W. Willson.