Cities in Europe (3)
Tuesday, 21 June 2016
Changes in the size of the population in cities are the result of natural processes (births and deaths) and migration. In most European metropolitan areas, the population is growing. Cities in Europe are also becoming more culturally and ethnically diverse, as a result of the free movement of citizens within the European Union and the influx of migrants and asylum seekers from non-EU countries.
In the 2000–2010 period, the strongest population growth took place in London, Madrid and Paris. But also Dublin, Toulouse, Oslo and metropolitan areas in Spain gained in population.
However, not all metropolitan areas have been growing. In the same period, population numbers in Athens, Tallinn, Genova and a number of cities in Poland and Germany (amongst which are Bochum, Dortmund, Saarbrücken, Duisburg and Essen) declined.
How are metropolitan areas defined? According to the OECD definition, metropolitan areas are urban areas with more than 500,000 inhabitants.
How are urban areas defined? According to the OECD definition, an urban area is a functional economic unit characterised by densely inhabited ‘cities’ with more than 50,000 inhabitants and ‘commuting zones’ whose labour market is highly integrated with nearby cities.
From Cities in Europe by PBL. It presents well-established facts, new findings and counter-intuitive connections in a visually attractive way, in a series of 13 infographics that show facts and figures on recent urban developments.